Norpac realizes the complexity of fishery management and the need for holistic solutions. Norpac works with the Regional Fishery Management Organizations (RFMO's) and Non Governmental Organizations (NGO's), Fishery Scientists, Governmental Agencies, Universities and the Industry to support developing solutions.
Federal Management Processes
For the United States, the Magnussen-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act provides for the nation's fisheries to be managed by Regional Councils who are responsible for ensuring Federal Laws are followed regarding fishery management. The Regional Council for Hawaii is the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council.
However, many Highly Migratory Species (HMS) must be managed through cooperation between many countries who access or depend upon the resource. There can be difficulty obtaining agreement as often different countries have varied agendas and views regarding fishery management.
The international body for the Western and Central Pacific is the Western and Central Pacific Fishery Commission. There are 25 member nations (including the USA), 8 participating territories and 2 cooperating non member nations. This makes for complicated political dynamics with regard to fishery access and management.
Intercepting fish on the high seas has long been a practice of many nations, including the United States. However, this impacts the "local" fisheries of nations which rely upon HMS for food and income. This includes small countries such as Palau and the Marshall Islands, as well are large countries such as Canada and the United States.
Fishery Management is further complicated by cycles within populations, ocean currents and temperatures, the impacts of pollution, illegal, unreported, and underreported fishing (IUU), weather patterns, and importantly, politics.